Lesli Danoski
Hammer Toe Surgery Physical Therapy
Hammer ToeOverview


The term hammertoe describes three unique contracture deformities of the toes. The deformities differ by the location of contracture in each joint of the toe. The three deformities include hammer toe, claw toe and mallet toe. Hammer toes may be flexible or rigid. Hammer toes are most common on the lesser toes (2-5) and may affect one or more toes simultaneously. Hallux malleus is the term used to described a hammer toe of the great toe. Hallux malleus is often found as an isolated foot problem. Hammer toes are found equally in men and women. The onset of hammer toes is between the ages of 30 and 80 years of age.


Causes


As described above, the main reason people develop hammertoes is improper footwear, or footwear that is too short for the toes. Shoes that do not allow our toes to lie flat are the biggest cause of hammertoes, though there are others, including genetics, injury or trauma in which the toe is jammed or broken. Diseases that affect the nerves and muscles, such as arthritis. Abnormal foot mechanics due to nerve or muscle damage, causing an imbalance of the flexor and extensor tendons of the toe. Systematic diseases such as arthritis can also lead to problems such as hammertoe. Some people are born with hammertoes, while others are hammertoe more prone to developing the condition due to genetics. If you have ever broken a toe, you know there is not much that can be done for it. It is one of the only bones in the body that heals without the use of a cast. A broken toe may be splinted, however, which may help prevent a hammertoe from forming.


Hammer ToeSymptoms


The most common symptoms of hammertoes include. The toe is bent upward at the middle toe joint, so that the top of this joint rubs against the top of the shoe. The remainder of the toe is bent downward. Pain upon pressure at the top of the bent toe from footwear. The formation of corns on the top of the joint. Redness and swelling at the joint contracture. Restricted or painful motion of the toe joint. Pain in the ball of the foot at the base of the affected toe. This occurs because the contracted digit puts pressure on the metatarsal head creating callouse and pressure on the ball of the foot.


Diagnosis


The treatment options vary with the type and severity of each hammer toe, although identifying the deformity early in its development is important to avoid surgery. Your podiatric physician will examine and X-ray the affected area and recommend a treatment plan specific to your condition.


Non Surgical Treatment


There are many non-surgical treatments to help relieve symptoms of hammertoe. The first step for many people is wearing the right size and type of shoe. Low-heeled shoes with a boxy or roomy toe area are helpful. Cushioned insoles, customized orthopedic inserts, and pads can provided relief as well. Splints or straps may be used to help correct toe position. Your doctor may show you toe stretches and exercises to perform. Your doctor can safely remove corns and calluses. You should not try to remove them at home.


Surgical Treatment


Until recently, wires were used for surgical correction. In this technique, one or more wires are inserted into the bone through both the affected joint and a normally healthy toe joint, and the end of the toe. These wires stay in place for four to six weeks, protruding from the end of the toes. Due to the protruding wire, simple things such working, driving, bathing and even sleeping are difficult while these wires are in place. During this recovery period, patients often experience discomfort during sleep and are subject possible infection.
Comments
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2016/01/07 05:18] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2016/01/08 15:36] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2016/02/11 02:46] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/05/24 09:49] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/05/25 23:20] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/05/26 04:13] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/05/27 16:17] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/06/02 21:12] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/06/06 15:11] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/06/07 07:46] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/07/25 08:32] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/03 04:15] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/12 14:34] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/14 05:22] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/14 11:13] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/17 06:35] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/18 01:09] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/22 22:27] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/08/23 12:49] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/09/02 09:45] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/09/08 14:51] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/09/15 18:00] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/09/15 23:40] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/09/17 16:24] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/05 03:32] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/08 06:19] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/12 02:21] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/13 20:22] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/17 01:44] | # [ Edit ]

Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending administrator's approval.
[2017/10/17 13:36] | # [ Edit ]


Post a comment














Only the blog author may view the comment.


Trackbacks
Trackbacks URL
http://leslidanoski.blog.fc2.com/tb.php/7-27c11afe
Use trackback on this entry.

-

Comment will be displayed after the administrator approves.
[2017/08/01 13:34]